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When experiencing back pain, your physician may diagnose you a specific spinal disease. In the world of orthopedics and neurology, numerous terms are used to described specific spinal aliments.


Spondylosis is a non-specific term indicating that there are degenerative changes of the spine. These degenerative changes can take place in the vertebrae, discs, or associated joints of the spine.



Spondylosis may be idiopathic in nature. This means that there is not one true cause for an individual developing spondylosis. Maintaining a healthy weight, participating in regular physical activity, and consuming an appropriate amount of nutrients, vitamins, and minerals may prevent or delay the onset of spondylosis.

Clinic Presentation:

Patients with spondylosis usually present with pain in the low back leading into the lower extremities. When your physical therapist evaluates you, you may present with abnormal reflexes, weakness, sensory deficits, and abnormal posture. If your physical therapist begins to ask about bowel and bladder habits, it’s important to be descriptive and honest so that your physical therapist can keep you safe!


Risk Factors:

Individuals with a history of traumatic injury to the spine, mineral/vitamin deficiency, genetic predisposition may present more commonly with spondylosis than others


Medical Management:

Spondylosis is usually diagnosed by your primary care provider or neurologist. Conservative treatment is the first line of care for patient’s suffering from spondylosis. Physical therapy intervention, oral anti-inflammatory medication, and anti-inflammatory injections are all considered conservative treatment for stenosis. If necessary, surgical intervention may be considered.

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